Permanent make-up can be done by micropigmentation method. This is a kind of tattoo application. When properly applied, a natural and attractive appearance can be obtained. It is important to keep in mind that it is permanent if it is a convenience for women in makeup. Therefore it should be applied by experienced people. Applied under office conditions. With the pens used in forging, the desired colors are placed in the leather. Local anesthesia is performed to make the application painless. All the tattoos are bright or dark colored at the beginning and they come to the desired color tones. Sometimes it can be crusted in the place where it is tattooed, but it will recover spontaneously within a few days.

The most important point to note is that it should be done by experienced people. Another point is the use of sterile instruments. Disease contamination may occur when non-sterile instruments are used. If it is not done properly, the hair follicles may be damaged if laser and similar methods are used to remove the tattoo.


Skin care

Shrinkage of skin pores
Obtaining a smooth skin
Reduction of wrinkles
Elimination of stains
It is intended to achieve a vivid appearance.

With skin care, it is not possible to reduce and tighten the skin. In addition, it is not possible to prevent the wrinkles caused by gestures.

In terms of the skin, the skin characteristics of the person should be determined and personal care should be performed. A comprehensive skin care program seeks to achieve the desired goals.

Alpha hydroxy acids, retin-A, anti-staining agents, sunscreens, and moisturizers are used. Their application and frequency will show some changes according to the individual.

It is divided into groups according to skin types and sensitivity to sun. Knowing which type of skin is present is important for treatment and care.

Sun’s sensitivity and classification of the skin

Type I Always lights up in the sun, never tanning.
Type II Lit almost immediately, almost no tanning.
Type III Usually lights up, sometimes tan.
Type IV Occasionally, usually tanned.
Type V Almost never burnt, almost always tanned.
Type VI Never burns, always tan.
Skin care products

Light cleansers: These cleansers are used every day to remove dead cells from the skin’s most superficial layer. In this way, it allows the agents such as alpha hydroxy acid and retin-A to penetrate the skin more effectively.
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA): A natural fruit acid that stimulates the growth of skin cells. The most commonly used AHA is glycolic acid. AHA affects the deep layer of the skin to help smooth the skin surface. At the same time, the effect of AHA by using retin-A is increased.
Retin-A: Also known as Tretinoin. Retin-A improves skin circulation and accelerates the proliferation of cells. It helps the skin to become shiny and smooth by affecting the skin layers.
Stain removers: Substances like Hydroquinone are useful in the prevention of stains on the skin. It is effective by suppressing the skin pigment cells.
Moisturizers: Provides the skin to remain moist when the dead skin layer is removed. It also eliminates the drying effect of Retin-A.
Sunscreen: Reduces the negative effects of the sun on the skin.
Evaluation of skin type

It is important to evaluate the skin type before applying laser epilation. The following table shows the skin type classification. The Fitzpatrick classification is based on the skin’s reaction to sun exposure.

Do you know your skin type?

Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification

Type 1

Blue-eyed, light-skinned, blonde and freckled, very delicate, always easy to light, easy to tan

Type 2

Blue green eyes, light skinned, Very sensitive, Usually burns, hard to tan

Type 3

Asian type, yellow wheat color, delicate, moderately light and tan

Type 4

Mediterranean, Asian, Spanish type, Moderately sensitive, Rarely lights always bronzed

Type 5

Middle East, Latin, Indian, Very few delicate, Rarely light up, easy to tan

Type 6

Black race, the least sensitive, never burns and tanens easily



Although there is no record of the first peeling application, it is thought that in prehistoric times people use some plants to treat the aging of the skin.

Physicians’ cosmetic attempts were defined as the correction of wrinkles and staining of hair and eyebrows in Ebers Papiruses (1560 BC). Sulfur, mustard, limestone was applied directly to the skin and the surface layer of the skin was tried to be peeled.

At the beginning of the century, the rejuvenation studies of the face began to revitalize. In 1903, phenol started to remove acne scars on the face. In 1905, again mechanically