Gynecomastia

Breast growth in men (gynecomastia)


Gynecomastia is the name given to breast growth in men. However, real gynecomastia must be separated from pseudo gynecomastia. In real gynecomastia when the mammary gland is growing, false gynecomastia only increases the fat tissue.

Breast growth can be seen in men during any period of life. In adolescence, growth can be seen with hormonal effect. The likelihood of being seen in advanced ages increases.

The cause of gynecomastia cannot be detected in 75% of cases.

It occurs in the neonatal period and in adolescence due to hormonal effects. However, this condition is temporary and improves in a few weeks.
It usually occurs as an asymmetric growth when seen in adolescence. The gynecomastia seen during this period can be resolved spontaneously towards the ages of 20 years. Gynecomastia due to hormone disorder occurs due to insufficiency of testosterone called male hormone.

In similar cases klinefelter syndrome (genetic disorder),
testicular feminization,
hermaphroditism,
adrenal tumors,
liver diseases and
it may be due to reasons such as malnutrition.
Some drugs may also cause gynecomastia. Some of them cause gynecomastia due to their similarity to female hormone (estrogen).

These are birth control pills, some heart medications and hormones containing hormones.

Catacanazole, metranidazole, cimetidine, isoniazid, methyl dopa, captopril, diazem, heroin and some antidepressants can cause gynecomastia with different mechanisms.

Unilateral breast growth is observed in 1/3 of the patients. There may be sensitivity in the growing breast.

Growth in the breast can only be seen as the growth of the mammary gland, the increase of the mammary gland and adipose tissue, or the increase of adipose tissue.

In general, breast size is classified as follows.

Group.1: Slight growth, no sagging in the skin

gynecomastia degrees
Gynecomastia degrees


Group.2A: Moderate growth with no sagging in the skin

Group.2B: Moderate growth, there is also slight sagging of the skin

Group.3: Excessive growth is present, such as a female breast.

Treatment

If there is any hormonal disorder, treatment should be done with medication. Surgical treatment if there is no excess in the skin only the mammary gland tissue is removed. However, if there is a high degree of growth, the skin will also need to be partially reduced. If there is only an increase in fat tissue, fat tissue can be taken with liposuction without any incisions.

These applications can be done by local or general anesthesia. There is no need to stay in hospital or may stay in one day.

Possible complications

Bleeding
Asymmetry in the breast
Wound opening at the nipple due to circulatory disturbance
Infection
Surgery scar
Skin irregularity

Breast growth can be seen in men during any period of life. In adolescence, growth can be seen with hormonal effect.

The cause of gynecomastia cannot be detected in 75% of cases.

It occurs in the neonatal period and in adolescence due to hormonal effects. However, this condition is temporary and improves in a few weeks.
It usually occurs as an asymmetric growth when seen in adolescence. The gynecomastia seen during this period can be resolved spontaneously towards the ages of 20 years. Gynecomastia due to hormone disorder occurs due to insufficiency of testosterone called male hormone.

In similar cases must be discarded

klinefelter syndrome (genetic disorder),
testicular feminization,
hermaphroditism,
adrenal tumors,
liver diseases and
it may be due to reasons such as malnutrition.
some drugs may also cause gynecomastia. Some of them cause gynecomastia due to their similarity to female hormone (estrogen).

These are birth control pills, some heart medications and hormones containing medicines.

Catacanazole, metranidazole, cimetidine, isoniazid, methyl dopa, captopril, diazem, heroin and some antidepressants can cause gynecomastia with different mechanisms.

Unilateral breast growth is observed in 1/3 of the patients. There may be sensitivity in the growing breast.

Growth in the breast can only be seen as the growth of the mammary gland, the increase of the mammary gland and adipose tissue, or the increase of adipose tissue.

In general, breast size is classified as follows.

Group.1: Slight growth, no sagging in the skin
Group.2A: Moderate growth with no sagging in the skin
Group.2B: Moderate growth, there is also slight sagging of the skin
Group.3: Excessive growth is present, such as a female breast.

Treatment

If there is any hormonal disorder, treatment should be done with medication. Surgical treatment if there is no excess in the skin only the mammary gland tissue is removed. However, if there is a high degree of growth, the skin will also need to be partially reduced. If there is only an increase in fat tissue, fat tissue can be taken with liposuction without any incisions.

These applications can be done by local or general anesthesia. There is no need to stay in hospital or may stay in one day.

Possible complications

Bleeding
Asymmetry in the breast
Wound opening at the nipple due to circulatory disturbance
Infection
Surgery scar
Skin irregularity

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