The first breast augmentation operations started in 1900s. However, paraffin was used in these years and these paraffins were not accepted by the body. Ivalon sponges were used in the 1950s, but after a while, excessive hardening was detected. Breast augmentation using silicone began in the 1960s. After the 1960s, breast implants developed and modern implants used today were reached. Until the 1960s, all implants were placed under the breast tissue, but after this period the chest muscle was placed underneath. In breast augmentation, the silicon implant can be placed under the mammary gland or under the breast muscle. In both cases, it has its advantages and disadvantages. However, it is generally preferred to place it under the muscle. Breast augmentation has some advantages under the silicone breast muscle.
In aesthetic surgery, breast augmentation with silicone is performed with different techniques. Dual plane breast augmentation method is an application that can be performed as the silicone is partially under the breast muscle and partly under the breast gland or the silicone can be completely separated from the place where the breast muscle is held, or the silicone can be placed by changing the breast gland relation. This aesthetic practice is important in determining the relationship between the two concepts of muscle and silicone. The first one is the grips of the muscle in the sub-breast fold and in the anterior thoracic region, and the second is the relationship between the mammary gland and the chest muscle.
Breast Lift: The method called mastopexy is the suspension or erecting of the sagging breasts. Trying to erect the breasts with as little scar as possible. Many techniques have been described since the 1920s, although they date back to ancient times. In 1981, the nipple was tried to be hung with the Marlex net method, and in the 1990s, the dark colored part around the nipple was shrunk like a purse string. In the 1970s, a surgical method called sk vertical scar iz was developed, which caused only “I scars.
Breast reduction: When breasts are above normal dimensions, they have negative effects both in cosmetic and health aspects. In breast reduction surgery, which has a history of more than 100 years, 1921 Thorek first transferred the nipple after breast reduction. Breasts are genetically determined to be large, but pregnancy and weight gain in cases of breast growth. It is sometimes seen in adolescence, also called viginal hypertrophy. As a result of deterioration in body posture, headache, back pain, neck and shoulder pain may occur. Depending on the use of a bra, skin damage to the shoulders and compression of the skin can be seen. Fungal or other infections may develop especially in the lower breasts. In addition, one’s activities such as sports are restricted and may cause social problems. There are also problems in the use of clothing.
Many methods have been described for breast reduction. In very large breasts, a reverse T-shaped reduction can be performed, whereas in light and medium-sized large breasts, only the I-shaped scar remains. Nowadays, the method which leaves an inverse T-shaped traces tends to be abandoned because it causes more traces. Normally, the distance between the nipple and the upper notch of the breastbone is 19-21 cm. The distance between the nipple and the bottom of the nipple is 5-9 cm. When there is growth in the breasts, these distances increase.